There are many eye conditions and diseases that could affect your eyesight and may result in irreversible damage if not treated properly or promptly. If you or someone in your family has questions about eye health, please contact Morris Avenue Eyecare for a comprehensive eye examination.
A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s normally clear lens, which leads to a progressive blurring or dimming of vision and sensitivity to glare and reflections. For people who have cataracts, seeing through cloudy lenses is a bit like looking through a frosty or foggy window. It is the world’s leading cause of blindness. A cataract starts out small and initially has little or no affect on vision. As the cataract progresses, it becomes harder to read and perform normal tasks. In the early stages of cataracts, your doctor may recommend stronger eyeglasses and adjusting your lighting to reduce glare. When cataracts begin to disrupt your daily life, Dr. Wells recommends cataract-removal surgery, which is one of the most frequent and successful procedures done in the U.S.
The National Eye Institute urges everyone with diabetes to have a comprehensive dilated eye examine at least once a year. If you have diabetic retinopathy or a high hemoglobin A1C, you may need an eye exam every 3-6 months. Patients with proliferative retinopathy can reduce their risk of blindness by 95 percent with timely treatment and appropriate follow-up care. A major study has shown that better control of blood sugar levels slows the onset and progression of diabetic retinopathy. Better control also reduces the need for sight-saving laser surgery
Glaucoma “the silent thief of vision” is a group of diseases that can damage the eye’s optic nerve and result in vision loss and blindness. It is one of the main causes of blindness in the United States. Certain groups have a higher risk of developing glaucoma. These groups include African Americans over age 40, Hispanic Americans over age 60 and people with a family history of the disease. Glaucoma can damage your vision so gradually that you may not notice any loss of vision until the disease is at an advanced stage. The most common
type of glaucoma, primary open-angle glaucoma, has no noticeable signs or symptoms except gradual vision loss. Early diagnosis and treatment can minimize or prevent optic nerve damage and limit glaucoma-related vision loss. It is important to get your eyes examined annually, and Dr. Wells measures your intraocular pressure at each visit to screen for glaucoma.
Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)
Conjunctivitis is the inflammation or infection of the transparent membrane that lines your eyelid and eyeball. It’s characterized by redness and a gritty sensation in your eye, along with itching and watery eyes. Often a discharge forms a crust on your eyelashes during the night. Conjunctivitis is c
aused by bacteria, viruses, allergens, and other irritants like smoke and dust. Viral pink eye is highly contagious.
Dry eye syndrome refers to a breakdown in the quantity or quality of tears that moisten, cleanse, and protect the eyes. This is significant because, with each blink, tears protect the surface of the eye, washing away dust and microorganisms. When this protective coating dries up, the eyes may feel “gritty” or burn; they can be more sensitive
to light or look red. In extreme cases, vision can be blurred. Proper medical care will not only increase your comfort, it will also protect your eyes. If you suspect you have dry eyes, Dr. Wells can perform a series of tests to diagnose it.
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease associated with aging that gradually destroys sharp, central vision. Central vision is needed for seeing objects clearly and for common daily tasks such as reading, driving, and recognizing faces. In most cases, reversing damage caused by AMD is not possible, but suppleme
nts, protection from sunlight, eating a balanced diet, and quitting smoking can reduce the risk and progression of macular degeneration. For eye supplement suggestions, please call Morris Avenue Eyecare.